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Phoenix Infant Academy

Science

As with the rest of the curriculum science is underpinned by the development of language and practical application. During years 1 and 2, pupils are taught to use the following practical scientific methods, processes and skills through the teaching of the programme of study content:

  • Observing over time
  • Sorting and classifying
  • Pattern seeking
  • Research
  • Fair testing

They  experience different types of scientific enquiries, including practical activities, and begin to recognise ways in which they might answer scientific questions. 

 

Plan

Do

Review

Observing over time

 

  • Ask questions about how and why things change
  • Ask questions about how and why things are similar or different
  • With help identify changes to observe and measure and suggest how to do it

 

  • Use non-standard units and simple equipment to record changes
  • Record in words or pictures or in simple prepared formats such as tables and / or charts
  • Make comparisons between simple features of objects, materials or living things
  • Record observations in words or pictures or simple tables

 

  • Identify simple changes and talk about them
  • Sequence the changes
  • Begin to use scientific language to talk about the changes
  • Say whether the change was as expected

 

Sorting and classifying

 

  • Decide what to observe to identify or sort things

 

  • Sort objects by observable and behavioural features
  • Record my sorting in sorting circles or tables

 

  • Identify similarities and differences and talk about them
  • Begin to use scientific language to talk about how things are similar or different
  • Use my records to help sort or identify other things

 

Pattern seeking

 

  • Ask questions about why and how things are linked
  • With help decide what patterns to observe and measure and suggest how to do it.

 

  • Use non-standard units and simple equipment to record events that might be related
  • Record in words or pictures or in simple prepared formats such as tables, tally charts and maps

 

  • Identify simple patterns and talk about them
  • Make links between two sets of observations
  • Begin to use scientific language to talk about patterns
  • Talk about whether the pattern was as expected

 

Research

 

  • Ask questions about how things are and the way they work
  • With help make suggestions about how to find things out

 

  • Use simple books and electronic media to find things out
  • Ask questions to find out what people do and how things work
  • Record in words and pictures what you find out

 

  • Begin to use scientific language to talk about what you have found out
  • Talk about whether the information source was useful
  • Give an opinion about some things you found out
  • Interpret and talk about data

 

Fair testing

 

  • Ask questions about why and how
  • With help notice links between cause and effect
  • With help identify simple variables to change and measure

 

  • Use non-standard units and simple equipment to record data
  • Record in words or pictures or in simple prepared formats such as tables or tally charts

 

  • Begin to use simple scientific language to identify and describe simple causal relationships
  • With help say if their test was fair
  • Say if the relationship was as expected